The history of organ transplantation dates back to 1904 Paper

Published: 2021-07-02 12:25:05
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The history of organ transplantation dates back to 1904. “Mathieu Jaboulay was the first to attempt treating a patient with a renal failure by transplanting a goat kidney into one patient and a pig kidney into another patient. Both transplants failed, and both patients died. The first successful kidney transplant was performed by Joseph E. Murray in 1954. The first successful pancreas transplant was in 1966 followed by the first successful liver transplant in 1967 performed by Thomas Starzl. (Watson C.J.E and J.H Dark; organ transplantation: historical perspective and current practice.) Throughout the years the increase in transplantation has saved a number of lives. One cause of the controversial was the prominent case of former football player George Best. In 2005 Best received a liver due to his chronic liver condition, but died 3 years later after re-consuming alcohol. Snice then the case has opened public eyes. Some people believe a person lifestyle should be a factor in organ donation decisions while other people believe it should not matter.
“In recent years, diseases has been shown to be attributed to life styles” (Bedford and Jones, 2014) in the 1980’s it was crack, in the 1950’s it was cigarettes and in the UK it was tobacco. At the time people were unaware of the health issues when they started misusing these drugs. As with drinking too much alcohol. “Starzl reported in 1988 a series of alcoholic patients who underwent liver transplantation, unexpectedly he observed infrequent relapse to alcohol use” (Addolorato, Giovanni et al. 2013) If people who make unhealthy lifestyles are inhibited from organs transplants, then the same should be applied to other “risky” activities such as parachuting, scuba diving, extreme spots, people who ride motorcycles etc. Such activities, in the event of an accident can lead to the need of a transplant. We all know that organs are a scare medical resources, yet just because people have made the wrong decision doesn’t mean that people should be denied a lifesaving treatment. “Someone who injured an organ while robing an bank should receive the same consideration as a young teenager with cancer, on one condition: they benefit from the surgery.”(Sagan, 2015) Denying such help to one’s life is not only is violating one’s right, it also violates NHS core principles. “Meet the needs of everybody, that is free at the point of delivery, and that it is based on clinical need, not the ability to pay.” (NHS, 2014) ”If the argument is to prevent people from receiving the care they need because of their lifestyle, then it goes against everything the NHS stand for” ( Bedford and Jones, 2014) Also if ethic are applied to the situation denying someone an organ that can save their life is completely unmoral.
When ethical principles are applied to the argument your lifestyle should be a factor. “Participants rated patients with a history of alcohol who was no longer drinking as a significantly lower priority for transplant surgery than one with a genetic liver condition.” (Bedford and Jones, 2014). Meaning people believed that if you caused your own damaged then you didn’t deserve the transplant. In this day in age a lot of people are aware of the affect that alcohol and what other drugs do to you. So if you still choose to take that path then you should be seen as a lower priority. Not saying that you won’t get you just won’t be at top of the list, plus who’s to say that this recovering drug user or alcohol won’t revert back to their old ways like best did? You can’t because there’s no guaranteed way, so doctors must go with what they know. With medical resources being so scare factors such as age and the likeliness to work can already rule you. The immune system of an alcoholic is compromised so it likely for their body to reject the organ. Livers are a very scarce resources and when determining who receives ones you should remember, what is fair isn’t always equal.
This affect me because the people that are close to me has had an issue with drugs. As in they used to take drugs and now they stopped, or they still do. If anybody I was close with was denied an organ because of this I would be livid because it’s not like they’re a bad person. I think basing it off life choice is so unmoral. It was just what they saw growing up as a kid, or the atmosphere they grew up in. I don’t think that should be a judging factor. At the same time I understand that there are a lot of people who needs an organ and not enough to fill them, and that people die constantly waiting for one. So doctors and people that govern over things like have to make to best decision for the best person.

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