Done by: Maha Saleh Almahri
Directed by: Hind Binjaffar
00Manual Handling in healthcare
Done by: Maha Saleh Almahri
Directed by: Hind Binjaffar
INTRODUCTION … …3
CLINICAL REASON FOR PATIENTS IMMOBILITY … 3
DESCRIPTION OF PATIENT TRANSFER AID …. .3
PAT SLIDE … … .. . ….3
SLIDER SHEET . … . . …….4
TRANSFER BOARD …. . . …4
BANANA BOARD … . .. …5
BED HANDLING BLOCKS … . . .. …5
LOG ROLL … . . .. ……6
REFRENCES . . ……..7
One of the best systems in transferring patient safely is to use The Patient Transfer Aids. It modified to assist health worker to maintain patients movement and provide a safe and low-risk transfer. Besides, it helps to transfer patients with relative ease without the need of a greater number of staff. Furthermore, to create optimal solutions for users with different needs, most assistive devices can be used in combination with one or several other manual transfer aids. In this report, you will find information on assistive devices for manual transfers and repositioning of users as well as for mobility support, e.g. during sit-to-stand.
Manual handling has been designed to reduce the likelihood of injury among the workforce. Also, this technique is used for three types of patient’s clinical condition:
Independent transfers: also called Mobile patients. When the patient completely can assist him/herself without potential risks. For instant, regular appointments for patients.
Assisted transfers: or Mildly immobile patient can move but need partial help from the healthcare provider. Such as faint or hypotension clients.
Dependent transfers: Severely injured, immobilized patient. He/she doesn’t participate actively and cooperate with the healthcare giver. Coma or stroke patients are an example of dependent transfer.
There are various ways and techniques in transferring and repositioning patients. Doyle & McCutcheon defined the transferring procedure as the changing of patients position from a flat surface to another. Indeed, hospital transfers types are from a bed to a stretcher, bed to wheelchair, wheelchair to chair, and wheelchair to toilet, and vice versa. (2015)
PAT slide: A lightweight, easy and ease transfer device that delivers safety and comfort during transfer. It contains a smooth upper surface low resistance to transfer patients body smoothly. Furthermore, the lower surface of PAT slide has non-slippery structure aims to insert patient firmly onto the operating table, trolley or bed. According to Patslide Patient Transfer website, PAT slide reduces the risk of injury to nursing staff when transferring patients (n.d.). However, health worker should consider the patient’s condition and “do not use the hoist/sling unless you have had the necessary training” (Walpole, 2019). When a patient is mildly immobile or immobilized, use it for necessary examination.
3691890107188000Slider Sheet: Is a useful, easy device to move the patient from one place to another, for example, from the patient’s bed to tabletop in the radiology department. It improves the operation by eliminating the need for lifting a patient. This decrease potential risk for patient and reduce health caregiver injuries. Indeed, it helps reducing the risk of back injuries to staff. Stroke, coma patients, or patients on bed are examples for clinical indications where health providers can use slide board. However, healthcare giver will not use this device for mobile patients. There are five steps to use Slider sheet effectively:
Gentaly, roll the patient over to one side in a lateral recumbent.
Place the slide sheets under the patients body on the bed parallel to the bedsheets.
Roll the patient in supine position and repeat on the other side.
Pick up the top slide sheet and use it undr the patient back for smoother transfer, both the patient and the caregiver.
You can now slide the patient, left to right, and forward and back with ease.”
(“How to Use a Slide Sheet”, n.d.)
Transfer board: Is a planar board made of wood or plastic used to causeway two surfaces. Using a transfer board has certain benefits. For instance, it allows health providers to relocate patients and move between two surfaces without using legs and reduces the risk of falling. It permits for small motion instead of one big motion. It’s characterized by partial independent of upper body strength. “Normally used for people with Arthritis, Leg injuries, Back injuries, Osteoporosis, Lower Body paralysis, Inability to move lower body” (Sadiq, 2019). Any special problems might contraindicate the transferring procedure.
right381000Safety Sure Transfer Board (SST Board) is used primarily for seated transfers:
Between bed and wheelchair
Between wheelchair and car
Between wheelchair and toilet
right50673000Banana Board: Used when the patient is in an erect sitting position (Fowler’s). It is a comfortable, lightweight, curved transfer board. Also, it can hold up to 200kg, more than other boards. Banana Board Prime website argued that Banana Board created for seated transfers between two surfaces. Indeed, from bed to wheelchair, wheelchair to chair, wheelchair to car and wheelchair to toilet (n.d.). Leg injuries, lower body paralysis, and inability to move the lower body, are all the main purpose of the banana board. Never use it with spinal injuries patients; due to further damages that patient might develop because of the wrong movement.
right25082500Bed handling blocks: Designed to ease the patient’s movement in the bed independently. Mentally, it raises the patient’s self-esteem and confidence. The bed handling blocks supplied with friction-free surface to ensure safe repositioning of the patient. Besides, the limited strength of upper or lower extremities patients is the main purpose of the bed handling blocks. For instant, fractured leg, dislocated knee and ankle joints. This device should not be used for spine injuries patients.
Log roll: A technique that follow neurosurgical procedures. When the spinal injuries and dislocations are sensitive and dangerous situation, and caregiver must maintain the spine and lower parts in straight alignment. Two persons use a sheet to turn the patient as a unit; if the patient is unable to support the head, a third person is necessary (“log rolling”, n.d.). Gently turn the patient’s head, shoulders, spine, hips, and knees in a log roll position at the same time. Support a patient’s back and legs with pillows to maintain a side-lying position.
Banana Board Prime. (n.d.). Retrieved from G. R., & McCutcheon, J. A. (2015, November 23). Clinical Procedures for Safer Patient Care. Retrieved from to Use a Slide Sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved from rolling. (n.d.) Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. (2003). Retrieved October 9, 2019, from (Animate) Manual Handling Information Theory Booklet For Patient Handling Staff. (2019, September 10). Retrieved from Education. (2018). Retrieved from Patient Transfer. (n.d.). Retrieved from T. (2019, June 5). Transfer Boards – What You Need to Know. Retrieved from